The Production of a New Partially Biodegradable Starch Plastic by Reactive Extrusion

Graaf, R.A. de; Janssen, L.P.B.M.

The grafting of polystyrene onto dissolved starch in a twin screw extruder has been studied. This copolymerization was initiated using the thermal initiators benzoyl peroxide and K2S2O8. As end product a mixture containing polystyrene-grafted starch, homopolymer of polystyrene and starch was obtained. Parameters like screw rotation rate, fully filled length of the extruder, wall temperature and throughput have been varied in order to obtain information about their influence on conversion, graft percentages and molecular weight of the materials formed. To increase the amount of graft points, maleic acid anhydride (MAH) was added resulting in an increased grafting of polystyrene onto starch. Graft percentages of 60% could be achieved. The total conversion of styrene could be controlled by adjusting extruder parameters like barrel temperature, fully filled length and initiator type. Conversions of 95% were found. Molecular weights of the polystyrene formed could be controlled by adding a chain transfer agent (dodecylmercaptan) to the styrene phase. In this way the molecular weight (Mn) of the styrenic part could be varied from 20,000 to 140,000. The experiments with the chain transfer agent showed that the grafting of polystyrene onto starch is a process occurring at the interface between the dissolved starch and the styrene phase.


file:2000PolymEngScideGraaf.pdf

ID 368
Moeder ID 286
Volgorde Graaf, R.A. de
Naam PolymEngScideGraaf
Publiceren yes
OAI-naam Publication
Path root/2000/PolymEngScideGraaf/
Gemaakt op: 2008-02-13 11:08:47
Gemodificeerd op: 2009-09-16 11:57:44
Digitaal ID 47b2cfbe15f05
Titel The Production of a New Partially Biodegradable Starch Plastic by Reactive Extrusion
Titelvolgorde Production New Partially Biodegradable Starch Plastic Reactive Extrusion
Ruilverkeer mogelijk no
Printen in opdracht no
Aantal pagina's 9
Jaar van uitgave 2000
Datum verstuurd 2008-02-13
Taal en
Type Article / Letter to editor
Beschrijving The grafting of polystyrene onto dissolved starch in a twin screw extruder has been studied. This copolymerization was initiated using the thermal initiators benzoyl peroxide and K2S2O8. As end product a mixture containing polystyrene-grafted starch, homopolymer of polystyrene and starch was obtained. Parameters like screw rotation rate, fully filled length of the extruder, wall temperature and throughput have been varied in order to obtain information about their influence on conversion, graft percentages and molecular weight of the materials formed. To increase the amount of graft points, maleic acid anhydride (MAH) was added resulting in an increased grafting of polystyrene onto starch. Graft percentages of 60% could be achieved. The total conversion of styrene could be controlled by adjusting extruder parameters like barrel temperature, fully filled length and initiator type. Conversions of 95% were found. Molecular weights of the polystyrene formed could be controlled by adding a chain transfer agent (dodecylmercaptan) to the styrene phase. In this way the molecular weight (Mn) of the styrenic part could be varied from 20,000 to 140,000. The experiments with the chain transfer agent showed that the grafting of polystyrene onto starch is a process occurring at the interface between the dissolved starch and the styrene phase.
Uitgever University of Groningen. Industrial Engineering and Management
Relatie URI http://www.rug.nl/tbk/index
Rechten University of Groningen. Industrial Engineering and Management
Auteur(s) Graaf, R.A. de; Janssen, L.P.B.M.;

 
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